Quick tip…to yell Help! in Spanish, yell – Socorro! (like the English word succor).
Ayudar is the verb for help, and you can expand your plea by saying Ayúdeme, por favor, but Spanish speakers think socorro is easier to shout out. Reflexive verbs Think of these as the action coming back to the speaker, or reflecting back as in a mirror. This works most of the time, and remember to always match the little pronouns of me, te, se, nos, se with the subject pronoun. Lavarse – to wash oneself, me lavo, te lavas, él se lava, ella se lava, usted se lava, nosotros nos lavamos, ellos se lavan, ustedes se lavan.
Other frequently spoken verbs used this way are bañarse (to bathe), arreglarse (to get yourself ready, as in to put on makeup and get dressed), cuidarse (to take care of oneself), lastimarse (to hurt oneself), sentarse (to sit oneself down) Sometimes these have the feeling of to get, such as emborracharse (to get yourself drunk). Ever wondered how to say “I wonder” in Spanish? Use the reflexive verb preguntarse, me pregunto. Me pregunto si eso va a ser posible. I wonder if that’s going to be possible. Some exceptions which are reflexive are the verbs: Enamorarse de (to fall in love with, but not with yourself) Me enamoré de él el año pasado. Sentirse (ie) (to feel in terms of health or emotions). Me siento muy triste hoy. Irse (to leave) -Te vas ahora? Sí, me voy. – Are you leaving now? Yes, I’m leaving.
Be on special alert for reflexive verbs dealing with parts of the body or clothing. In English we would always say something such as I wash my hands or I put on my hat. The “my” is necessary because the verb in English doesn’t indicate possession. In Spanish, however, the verb shows who is receiving the action, so it would be considered redundant to use a possessive pronoun. Examples: Voy a lavarme las manos. I’m going to wash my hands. Notice you don’t say mis manos, as it’s clear whose hands you’re washing by the reflexive verb. Voy a ponerme el sombrero. I’m going to put on my hat. Same idea, just as long as it’s your own hat.